- stop or [stäp]vt.stopped, stopping [ME stoppen < OE -stoppian (in comp.) < WGmc stoppōn < VL * stuppare, to stop up, stuff < L stuppa < Gr styppē, tow < IE * stewe-, to thicken, contract > Gr styphein, to contract, Sans stuka, tuft]I to close by filling, shutting off, covering, etc.1. to staunch (a cut, wound, etc.)2. to block up (a passage, road, pipe, etc.) so as to make impassable; obstruct: often with up3. to fill in, plug up, or cover (a hole, cavity, opening, mouth, etc.): often with up4. to close (a bottle, jug, etc.) as with a cork or capa) to close (a finger hole of a wind instrument) so as to produce a desired toneb) to produce (a tone) in this wayII to cause to cease motion, activity, etc.1. to prevent the passage or further passage of (water, light, etc.); block; intercept2. to prevent the movement or further movement of; specif.,a) to halt the progress of (a person, animal, vehicle, etc.)b) to check (a blow, stroke, or thrust); parry; counterc) to defeat (an opponent)d) to intercept (a letter, etc.) in transite) to baffle; perplex; nonplus3. to cease; desist from (with a gerund) [stop talking]a) to cause to cease or end [stop that racket]b) to bring to an end; discontinue [to stop a subscription]c) to killd) to defeat, as by knocking out4. to cause (an engine, machine, etc.) to cease operation5. to press down (a violin string, etc.) against the fingerboard to produce a desired tone6. to place a stop order on (a stock or other security)7. Bridge to hold key cards that will prevent an opponent from running (a suit)8. Chiefly Brit. to insert punctuation marks inIII to keep from beginning, acting, happening, etc.; prevent1. to keep (a person) from doing something contemplated2. to prevent the starting, advent, etc. of; preclude3. to notify one's bank to withhold payment on (one's check)vi.1. to cease moving, walking, proceeding, etc.; halt2. to leave off doing something; desist from continuing3. to cease operating or functioning4. to be able to go no further; come to an end5. to become clogged or choked6. to tarry or stay for a while, esp. as a transient or guest: often with at or inn.1. a stopping or being stopped; check; arrest; cessation; halt; specif., a pause in speech or at the end of a sense unit in verse2. a coming to an end; finish; end3. a stay or sojourn4. a place stopped at, as on a bus route5. an indentation in the face of an animal, esp. a dog, between the forehead and the nose or muzzle6. something that stops; obstruction; obstacle; specif.,a) a plug or stopperb) STOP ORDERc) an order to withhold payment on a checkd) a mechanical part that stops, limits, or regulates motion, as a pawle) Chiefly Brit. a punctuation mark, esp. a periodf) pressure, as of a finger, on a string of a violin, etc. to produce a desired toneg) a fret on a guitar, etc.h) the closing of a finger hole of a wind instrument to produce a desired tonei) such a holej) a tuned set of organ pipes, reeds, or electronic devices of the same specific type and tone qualityk) a pull, lever, or key for putting such a set or sets into or out of operation7. Naut. a piece of line used to secure something8. Phonet.a) the complete stopping of the outgoing breath, as with the lips, tongue, or velumb) a consonant formed in this way, as (p), (b), (t), (d), (k), and (g): distinguished from CONTINUANT9. Photog.a) the aperture, usually adjustable, of a lensb) the f-numberadj.☆ that stops or is meant to stop [a stop signal]——————pull out all the stops or pull out all stops1. to play an organ with all the stops in operation2. to apply maximum effort; use everything possible——————put a stop toto cause to cease; stop; end——————stop downto reduce the lens aperture by adjustment of the diaphragm——————☆ stop offto stop for a short stay en route to a place——————☆ stop out1. to interrupt one's education as in order to work2. to block out (areas not to be printed or painted) as of a silk-screen design——————☆ stop over1. to visit for a while: also stop in (or by)2. to break a journey, as for restSYN.- STOP implies a suspension or ending of some motion, action, or progress [my watch stopped]; CEASE implies a suspension or ending of some state or condition or of an existence [the war had ceased]; QUIT is equivalent to either STOP or CEASE [to quit working means either to stop working, as for the day, or to cease working, i.e., to retire ]; DISCONTINUE suggests the suspension of some action that is a habitual practice, an occupation, etc. [he has discontinued the practice of law ]; DESIST implies a ceasing of some action that is annoying, harmful, futile, etc. [desist from further bickering ] -ANT. BEGIN, START, COMMENCE
English World dictionary. V. Neufeldt. 2014.